Cellulitis is an acute inflammation of the skin, caused by infection with staph, strep or other fairly common bacteria (see also cellulitis - streptococcal - Erysipelas is a type of cellulitis (skin infection) generally caused by group A streptococci)
Cellulitis Symptoms listed below:
- Localized skin redness or inflammation, increasing in size as infection spreads
- Tight, stretched or glossy skin appearance
- Pain or tenderness of the area
- Skin lesion or rash (macule):
- Sudden onset
- Usually with sharp borders
- Rapid growth within the first 24 hours
- Warmth over the area of redness
- Other signs of infection:
- Chills, shaking
- Warm skin, sweating
- Muscle aches, pains (myalgias)
- General ill feeling (malaise)
Additional symptoms that may be associated with cellulitis disease:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Hair loss at the site of infection
Another cause of cellulitis skin infection are tattoo associated infections, defined as a skin infection consistent with staphylococcal infection (i.e. boils, folliculitis and abscess) occurring near or at location of a recent tattoo MRSA.
A secondary cause of tattoo related cellulitis skin infections is classified as a skin infection consistent with staph that occurs in a person who had not received a recent tattoo but has been in close personal contact with a MRSA patient, which MRSA sufferer had received a recent tattoo.
Signs and tests for Cellulitis
During a physical examination, the doctor may find localized swelling. Occasionally, swollen glands (lymph nodes) can be detected near the cellulitis.
Cellulitis tests which may be performed:
- A CBC has an elevated white blood cell count, and indicates a bacterial infection.
- A blood culture may be performed if generalized infection is suspected.