Causes, Incidence and Risk Factors of Cellulitis
The skin normally has lots of active bacteria living on it, but healthy skin is an effective barrier which stops skin bacteria from entering and growing inside the body. However, when there's a break in the skin, bacteria can easily enter the body and grow there, causing a bacterial skin infection and skin inflammation. The infected skin area becomes red, hot, irritated and painful.
Cellulitis is most common on the lower legs, face and arms, but skin at other areas of the body may sometimes have a cellulitis infection. Look at this truly shocking chronic cellulitis infection which started in the eyelids and spread to other area near the eye.
Risk issues for cellulitis include these factors:
- Insect bites and stings, animal bite, or human bite
- Injury or trauma with a cut in the skin (skin wounds)
- History of peripheral vascular disease
- Diabetes-related or ischemic ulcers
- Recent cardiovascular, pulmonary (lung), dental or other medical procedures
- Use of immuno-suppressive or cortico-steroid medications