New York . . . State 11

New York's official flag was adopted in 1901. The flag has a deep blue background and pictures Liberty which symbolizes freedom and Justice which symbolizes justice before the law. Liberty holds a pole with a liberty cap, and has a discarded crown at her feet which represents freedom from Britain after the Revolutionary War. Justice is blindfolded and is holding the scales of justice. A shield between them pictures the sun, hills, and 2 boats sailing on the Hudson River. Over the shield there is a globe and a bald eagle. Under them all is a white, flowing ribbon that reads "EXCELSIOR" which means "Ever Upwards".

New York became a state on July 26, 1788 as the 11th state. The capital city is Albany and largest city is New York City. It has the 3rd largest population after California and Texas. New York is bordered by two of the Great Lakes, two Canadian provinces, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, the Atlantic Ocean, and anchored by New York City. .In addition to America's premier city, New York City, the state has rugged mountains, forested national parks, many lakes, more than 40,000 miles of rivers and streams, and a wide variety of large great cities mixed in with small town America.

New York has always been a leader in the political, cultural, and economic life of the United States. New York is called the Empire State which is a reference to its wealth and variety of resources. New York is also known as the commercial and financial center and a leading distribution center. The ports of New York City, Buffalo, and Albany handle much of the foreign trade. Leading industrial firms have their headquarters in New York. Wall Street is famous as the world’s financial center.

New York experiences four seasons. Summers are mild and pleasant and warmer conditions south and southeast. Winters very are cold and usually experience heavy snow and many bad snowstorms. The average high temperature in July is near 70 degrees in the mid-state area, while in January, high temps are near 20 degrees. The average high temperature in July is near 80 degrees in New York City, while in January, high temps are near 35 degrees. The average statewide rainfall is 35 inches per year and usually higher amounts in the upstate mountains, and in the southeast.

Dairying is New York’s most important farming industry is dairying with a lot of the states income coming from the production of milk and cream. Beef production, poultry products, chickens, turkeys and eggs are also important.

Other Agriculture: Vegetables, nursery stock, apples.

Industry: Printing and publishing, scientific instruments, electric equipment, machinery, chemical products and tourism.

New York has 62 counties:
Albany - Allegany - Bronx - Broome - Cattaraugus - Cayuga - Chautauqua - Chemung - Chenango - Clinton - Columbia - Cortland - Delaware - Dutchess - Erie - Essex - Franklin - Fulton - Genesee - Greene - Hamilton - Herkimer - Jefferson - Kings - Lewis - Livingston - Madison - Monroe - Montgomery - Nassau - New York - Niagara - Oneida - Onondaga - Ontario - Orange - Orleans - Oswego - Otsego - Putnam - Queens - Rensselaer - Richmond - Rockland - St. Lawrence - Saratoga - Schenectady - Schoharie - Schuyler - Seneca - Steuben - Suffolk - Sullivan - Tioga - Tompkins - Ulster - Warren - Washington - Wayne - Westchester - Wyoming - Yates

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