Louisiana . . . State 18

Louisiana's official flag was adopted in 1912, one hundred years after Louisiana became a state. The flag has a blue background which symbolizes truth. It has a white pelican mother feeding her three chicks in a nest which is an old symbol of protection. A white ribbon bears the state motto, "Union, Justice, and Confidence".

Louisiana was the 18th state in the USA and became a state in 1812. The capital city is Baton Rouge and largest city is New Orleans. Louisiana is shaped like a letter L and is bordered by Mississippi on the east, the Gulf of Mexico on the south, Texas on the west, and Arkansas on the north.

Louisiana is the second lowest place in the country and the lowest point in Louisiana is 8 feet below sea level in New Orleans. The mean elevation of the state of Louisiana is only 100 feet above sea level. Louisiana contains more than 6,084 square miles of water surface. Louisiana is known for having a rich Cajun culture which derived from the Acadians and also many other cultural influences including the Spanish, French, German, and American Indians.

Louisiana has a humid subtropical climate. The subtropical latitude, location along the Gulf of Mexico, the continental landmass to the north, and the prevailing southerly winds influence this type of climate.

Economy consists of Agriculture: Seafood, cotton, soybeans, cattle, sugarcane, poultry and eggs, dairy products, rice.

Industry: Chemical products, petroleum and coal products, food processing, transportation equipment, paper products, tourism.

Louisiana is the largest producer of oysters in the United States. Louisiana also leads the nation in the production of crawfish with approximately 100 million pounds of crawfish per year.

Louisiana has 64 parishes:
Acadia Parish - Allen Parish - Ascension Parish - Assumption Parish - Avoyelles Parish - Beauregard Parish - Bienville Parish - Bossier Parish - Caddo Parish - Calcasieu Parish - Caldwell Parish - Cameron Parish - Catahoula Parish - Claiborne Parish - Concordia Parish - De Soto Parish - East Baton Rouge Parish - East Carroll Parish - East Feliciana Parish - Evangeline Parish - Franklin Parish - Grant Parish - Iberia Parish - Iberville Parish - Jackson Parish - Jefferson Davis Parish - Jefferson Parish - La Salle Parish - Lafayette Parish - Lafourche Parish - Lincoln Parish - Livingston Parish - Madison Parish - Morehouse Parish - Natchitoches Parish - Orleans Parish - Ouachita Parish - Plaquemines Parish - Pointe Coupee Parish - Rapides Parish - Red River Parish - Richland Parish - Sabine Parish - St. Bernard Parish - St. Charles Parish - St. Helena Parish - St. James Parish - St. John The Baptist Parish - St. Landry Parish - St. Martin Parish - St. Mary Parish - St. Tammany Parish - Tangipahoa Parish - Tensas Parish - Terrebonne Parish - Union Parish - Vermilion Parish - Vernon Parish - Washington Parish - Webster Parish - West Baton Rouge Parish - West Carroll Parish - West Feliciana Parish - Winn Parish

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