All About "Hand Foot and Mouth Disease"
HFMD Causes, Symptoms & Prevention
A good time to get information about Hand, Foot & Mouth Disease including Symptoms, Cure and Prevention is today so don't delay reading this HFMD health knowledge source.
Hand, foot, and mouth disease (also known as HFMD) is a contagious and serious viral based illness. The disease most commonly affects infants and young children. There is no vaccine to prevent the disease. However, you can take simple steps to reduce your risk. Hand, foot, and mouth disease, is a contagious illness caused by various viruses.
Infants and young children age-5 and under are more likely to get HandFootAndMouthDisease. However, older children and adults can sometimes also get Hand-Foot-and-Mouth-Disease too. In North America, it's more common for people to get HandFootAndMouthDisease during the warm Spring, Summer and Fall months of the year vs the Winter.
Hand, foot, and mouth disease is often confused with foot-and-mouth disease (also called hoof-and-mouth disease), a disease of cattle, sheep, and swine. However, the two diseases are caused by different viruses and are not related. Humans do not get the animal disease, and animals do not get the human disease.
Symptoms of Hand Foot and Mouth Disease
HFMD Symptoms often start with disease-onset indications such as having a lower appetite, sore throat, body fever and a general sick-feeling. Within a few days after fever starts, skin lesions and painful sores or blisters often appear in the HFMD patients mouth, on the hands or on feet bottom. Mouth sores are especially painful and bothersome when eating. Lesions on the buttocks area in the HFMD sufferer in particular, are painful, caused by pressure on the buttocks sores when sitting.
A skin rash with red spots appearing may also start showing on the palms of the hand and wrists, the bottom of the patients feet, along with possible skin-rash on elbows, knees and the hand foot mouth disease patient buttocks area, which may subsequently form non-itchy blisters.
It's important to note, not every HFMD disease patient gets all or even some of the typical disease symptoms. In fact, surprisingly, some hand, foot and mouth disease sufferers may not display or get any disease symptoms at all! With that said, unfortunately and even without hand, foot and mouth disease symptoms, HFMD sufferers can still potentially pass the contagious hand-foot-mouth virus to healthy and unsuspecting children and adults.
Prevention of Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease
Hand, foot, and mouth disease is often spread to other adults, infants, toddlers and kids via throat and nasal secretions, including mucus, saliva, fecal matter or skin blister contact from HFMD infected people. You can prevent or significantly reduce the risk of hand-foot-and-mouth infection by observing good hygiene practices and simply washing your hands frequently to avoid getting a disease, such as bacterial meningitis, or viral meningitis, and cases of chronic or severe diarrhea, for example.
In addition to regular hand-washing, wash or disinfect all dirty looking surfaces and anything which is non-clean looking, including clothing, kids toys, furniture and personal effects. Also, try hard to avoid close personal contact like hugging, kissing, hand-shaking, sharing of foods or drinks, and avoiding drinking or food utensils which may have been earlier used by an infected hand foot and mouth condition child or HFMD infected adult.
Outbreaks of Hand Foot And Mouth Disease
Individual cases and outbreaks of hand, foot, and mouth disease occur around the world. In countries with temperate (varying) climates, cases occur more often in the spring to fall.
Since the late 1990s, large outbreaks of HFMD caused by enterovirus 71 have been reported mostly in children in east and Southeast Asia. In these outbreaks, most children have typical symptoms of HFMD and recover without health complications. However, a small number of people with this disease develop severe complications requiring hospitalization or even potentially resulting in patient death.
Studies are being done to understand why these outbreaks occur and why some people have severe disease. Research is also being done to develop treatments and vaccines to help prevent HFMD in the future.
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